Document number: P0960R1
Audience: EWG

Ville Voutilainen

Allow initializing aggregates from a parenthesized list of values


This paper proposes allowing initializing aggregates from a parenthesized list of values; that is, Aggr(val1, val2) would mean the same thing as Aggr{val1, val2}. This is a language fix for the problem illustrated in N4462.

Revision history

Jacksonville 2018 discussion feedback

This revision implements supporting parenthesized initialization for aggregates including arrays, without support for designated initializers. The matter of initialization and deleted constructors is handled by separate paper(s).

Design principles


In [dcl.init]/17, edit as follows:

Otherwise, if the destination type is an array, the program is ill-formed.

In [dcl.init]/17.6.2, edit as follows:

Otherwise, if the initialization is direct-initialization, or if it is copy-initialization where the cv-unqualified version of the source type is the same class as, or a derived class of, the class of the destination, constructors are considered. The applicable constructors are enumerated (, and the best one is chosen through overload resolution (16.3). The constructor so selected is called to initialize the object, with the initializer expression or expression-list as its argument(s). If no constructor applies and the destination type is not an aggregate, or the overload resolution is ambiguous, the initialization is ill-formed.

After [dcl.init]/17.6.3 and before [dcl.init]/17.7, insert a new top-level bullet as follows:

If the destination type is an aggregate and the initialization is direct-initialization and no viable constructor was found above (17.6.2), the object is list-initialized as if the initializer was a (non-parenthesized) braced-init-list containing the expression-list. [Note: designators are not permitted. -end note]

Drafting note: the note in the above wording can easily be left out - the grammar of a parenthesized initialization does not allow designators. The note is added just for explanatory clarity.