Doc. no. P0914R1
Revises P0914R0
Date: 2018-03-15
Reference: ISO/IEC TS 22277, C++ Extensions for Coroutines
Audience: EWG
Reply to: Gor Nishanov <>

Add parameter preview to coroutine promise constructor


Users of C++ coroutines have long been requesting an ability to access coroutine parameters in the constructor of the coroutine promise. Current workaround is to override operator new of the coroutine promise that does allow observing of coroutine parameters, then extract the value of the desired parameter and store it in a thread_local variable and later extract the value from the thread_local in the coroutine promise default constructor and store the value in the coroutine promise.

The workaround used is not reliable as compiler is allowed to elide heap allocation for the coroutine state and elide invocation of operator new. Coroutines need direct and reliable way of expressing the desired behavior.

Suggestion is to give a coroutine promise an ability to look at the coroutine parameters.


  struct my_promise_type {
    static thread_local cancellation_token saved_tok;
    cancellation_token tok;

    template <typename... Whatever>
    void* operator new(size_t sz, cancellation_token tok, Whatever const&...) {
      // BROKEN: May not get called if heap allocation is elided.
      saved_tok = tok;
      return ::operator new(sz);

    my_promise_type() : tok(saved_tok) {}


  struct my_promise_type {
    cancellation_token tok;

    template <typename... Whatever>
    my_promise_type(cancellation_token tok, Whatever const&) : tok(tok) {}


[Proposed wording is relative to N4723].

Modify paragraph 8.4.4/3 as follows:

For a coroutine f that is a non-static member function, let P1 denote the type of the implicit object parameter (13.3.1) and P2 ... Pn be the types of the function parameters; otherwise let P1 ... Pn be the types of the function parameters. Let p1 ... pn be lvalues denoting those objects. Let R be the return type and F be the function-body of f, T be the type std::experimental::coroutine_traits<R,P1,...,Pn>, and P be the class type denoted by T::promise_type. Then, the coroutine behaves as if its body were:
          P p promise-constructor-arguments;
          co_await p.initial_suspend(); // initial suspend point
          try {
          } catch(...) { p.unhandled_exception(); }
          co_await p.final_suspend(); // final suspend point
where an object denoted as p is the promise object of the coroutine, and its type P is the promise type of the coroutine, and promise-constructor-arguments is determined as follows: overload resolution is performed on a promise constructor call created by assembling an argument list with lvalues p1 ... pn. If a viable constructor is found (16.3.2), then promise-constructor-arguments is (p1,...,pn), otherwise promise-constructor-arguments is empty.

Modify paragraph 7 of 8.4.4/7 as follows

An implementation may need to allocate additional storage for a coroutine. This storage is known as the coroutine state and is obtained by calling a non-array allocation function ( The allocation function’s name is looked up in the scope of P. If this lookup fails, the allocation function’s name is looked up in the global scope. If the lookup finds an allocation function in the scope of P, overload resolution is performed on a function call created by assembling an argument list. The first argument is the amount of space requested, and has type std::size_t. The lvalues are the succeeding arguments. If no viablematching function is found (16.3.2), overload resolution is performed again on a function call created by passing just the amount of space required as an argument of type std::size_t.

Add underlined text to 8.4.4/11:

When a coroutine is invoked, a copy is created for each coroutine parameter. Each such copy is an object with automatic storage duration that is direct-initialized from an lvalue referring to the corresponding parameter if the parameter is an lvalue reference, and from an xvalue referring to it otherwise. A reference to a parameter in the function-body of the coroutine and in the call to the coroutine promise constructor is replaced by a reference to its copy.

Implementation experience

Implemented in clang trunk.