Defect Report #108

Submission Date: 03 Dec 93
Submittor: WG14
Source: Ron Guilmette
ANSI/ISO C Defect Report #rfg15:
Subclause 7.1.3 lists the set of reserved identifiers, but this list does not include keywords (subclause 6.1.1).
Subclause 6.1.1 says (in a Semantics section):
The above tokens (entirely in lower-case) are reserved (in translation phases 7 and 8) for use as keywords, and shall not be used otherwise.
Based upon the above named sections of the C Standard, I am forced to conclude that the following code is strictly conforming. Is this a correct conclusion?
#define double void
#include <math.h>
#undef double

void example (double d1, double d2)
d1 = acos (d2);

My impression is that few (if any) existing implementations now accept such code. I am therefore inclined to believe that the Committee's true intentions were that all keywords (as listed in subclause 6.1.1) should be considered to be reserved identifiers, at least during translation phase 4, and at least while processing #include directives which name standard include files provided by the implementation (as listed in subclause 7.1.2).
I believe that the proper way to address this problem would be to add another stipulation (regarding reserved identifiers) to subclause This additional stipulation might read as follows:
If, during inclusion of any one of the standard headers listed in the preceeding section (during translation phase 4) any one of the keywords listed in subclause 6.1.1 is defined as a preprocessor macro, the behavior is undefined.
This program's behavior is undefined because of the restriction on inclusion of standard headers in subclause 7.1.2:
The program shall not have any macros with names lexically identical to keywords currently defined prior to the inclusion.
The Committee's intention was indeed to otherwise allow macros to mask keywords.
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